If you have an unplanned pregnancy, you may be interested in learning about your options. Some women are determined to choose abortion, so it’s crucial they understand the different procedures available to them and the possible risks and complications. 

What is a Medical Abortion Procedure?

Medical abortions are performed during the first 70 days of pregnancy and end a pregnancy using two drugs, mifepristone and misoprostol. Mifepristone blocks progesterone, which sustains a pregnancy, and misoprostol causes uterine contractions, which expel the pregnancy tissue through the vagina. 

Side effects of medical abortions include:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache

This procedure can cause complications such as:

  • Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by surgical abortion
  • An ongoing pregnancy if the procedure doesn’t work
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Infection
  • Fever
  • Digestive system discomfort

Before having a medical abortion, women should consult a medical provider, undergo a physical exam, and have an obstetric ultrasound performed. First Choice Center for Women offers free ultrasounds to confirm important pregnancy details like viability, gestational age, and location of the pregnancy. 

What Do I Need to Know About Surgical Abortions?

Surgical abortions are more complex procedures and usually occur later in pregnancy. They typically involve using medications, surgical instruments, and suctioning to remove the pregnancy tissue.

Just like medical abortions, surgical abortions can invoke abdominal cramping and vaginal bleeding. The following are possible complications that are serious and will require further medical treatment:

  • Damage to the womb or cervix
  • Uterine perforation
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes
  • Scarring of the inside of the uterus
  • Reaction to the medicines or anesthesia
  • Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by another procedure

Women need the same preparation before a surgical abortion to confirm key health information and ensure they’re eligible for the procedure. 

Regardless of the abortion procedure you choose, it is crucial to consider this decision carefully. Consult your local pregnancy center to review all of your options. First Choice Center for Women offers free and confidential options counseling.

Help When You Need It Most

Contact First Choice Center for Women to learn more about our pregnancy services. No matter where you are in your journey or what you’re considering, we offer a nonjudgmental listening ear and give you accurate information.